Fallopian Tubal Patency Test
The fallopian tube is also called the oviduct or the uterine tube. It refers to either one of a pair of long, slender ducts that transport the egg released from the ovary to the uterus. Fertilization takes place after an egg is released by one of the ovaries and is fertilized in the fallopian tube. The fallopian tubes transport the sperm to meet the egg. Fertilization takes place in the fallopian tube. The zygote (fertilized egg) that is formed multiplies repeatedly as it travels down the fallopian tube. The fallopian tube and its suitable environment play an important part in the reproductive cycle.
A blockage in the fallopian tube forms about 25% to 30% of infertility problems in women. Checking the fallopian tubes is an important diagnostic that can help solve any fertility-related issues.
What can cause problems in the fallopian tube?
A blocked fallopian tube can cause a constant pain in the pelvic or belly or a woman may feel pain just before menstruation. The blockages may be caused by scar tissue or pelvic adhesions due to an infection. Most blockages are caused by disease such as:
What is the Fallopian Tubal Patency Test?
A Fallopian Tubal Patency Test is performed for evaluating tubal status for any blockages or pelvic adhesions that may be present in the fallopian tubes. The patency, or the openness, of the tubes can be checked using any of these three key tests to diagnose blocked fallopian tubes:
When is a tubal patency test scheduled?
The best time to do a tubal patency test is between day 5 and 12 of your ovulation cycle. This test will not be performed after ovulation (when the ovary has released an egg) to avoid risking any potential pregnancy.
How long do the tests take?
The ultrasound and HSG take about 30 minutes and is well-tolerated by most patients. For a laparoscopy you need to be admitted in a hospital but may be discharged a few hours after the procedure.
What happens after the fallopian tubal patency test?
Depending on the results, the doctor may conduct surgery to remove the blocks in the fallopian tubes in the same sitting. The chances of getting pregnant naturally will depend on a woman’s age, the health of her partner’s sperm, and the level of damage in the fallopian tube. IVF can circumvent some of these obstacles by extracting a mature egg from the ovaries and fertilizing it outside the womb with sperm. The embryo thus formed can be inserted back into the womb, thus bypassing the role of the fallopian tubes.
At Xenith Advanced Fertility Centre, our team of experienced, qualified doctors are ready to help you in your journey to achieve pregnancy success. Our fertility clinic in Pune, PCMC is one of the best IVF centres and has high success rates for IVF treatment. Call us now to schedule an appointment.